2015年11月7日北京学位英语考试真题答案详解-阅读

  Jim Thorpe was a Native American. He was born in 1888 in an Indian Territory(印弟安人保护区)that is now Oklahoma. Like most Native American children then, he liked to fish, hunt, swim, and play games outdoors. (77) He was healthy and he had very little formal education. In 1950, Jim Thorpe was named the greatest American football player. He was also an Olympic gold medal winner. But Thorpe had many tragedies in his life.

  Jim had a twin brother who died when he was nine years old. By the time he was 16, his mother and father were also dead. Jim then went to a special school in Pennsylvania for Native American children. There, he learned to read and write and also began to play sports. Jim was poor, so he left school for two years to earn some money. During this time, he played on a baseball team. (78) The team paid him $15 a week. Soon he returned to school to complete his education. Jim was a star athlete(运动员)in several sports, including baseball, running, and football. He won many awards for his athletic ability, mainly for football. In many games, he scored all or most of the points for his team.

  In 1912, when Jim Thorpe was 24 years old, he became part of the U.S. Olympic team. He competed in two very difficult events: the pentathlon and the decathlon. Both require great ability and strength. The pentathlon has five track and field events, including the long jump and the 1,500-meter race. The decathlon has ten track and field events, with running, jumping, and throwing contests.

  People thought it was impossible for an athlete to compete in both the pentathlon and the decathlon. So everyone was surprised when Thorpe won gold medals in both events. When the King of Sweden presented Thorpe with his two gold medals, he said, “Sir, you are the greatest athlete in the world” Thorpe was a simple and honest man. He just answered, "Thanks, King."

  1. From the passage we learn that Jim Thorpe was born in ____.

  A. India B. Pennsylvania C. Oklahoma D. Sweden

  题干:从文章中,我们可以发现Jim Thorpe出生于哪里?

  答案及解析:C。从第一段可以看出,他1888年出生于印第安人保护区,现在称为俄克拉荷马。选项A有一定的迷惑性,A项是印度,而不是印第安人保护区。

  2. According to the passage, most American Indian children loved all the following EXCEPT ____.

  A. fishing B. hunting C. swimming D. singing

  题干:根据文章,大部分美国印第安儿童除了下列哪一项都喜欢?

  答案及解析:D 从第一段第三句"Like most Native American children then, he liked to fish, hunt, swim, and play games outdoors."“像大部分当时的美国本土儿童一样,他喜欢钓鱼、打猎、游泳和在户外玩游戏。”可以看出,只要D项“唱歌”没有提到。

  3. Jim Thorpe started to play sports ____.

  A. before he was nine years old B. when he was 16 years old